THAI NGUYEN UNIVERSITY OF AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY THAI NGUYEN UNIVERSITY OF AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY THAI NGUYEN UNIVERSITY OF AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY THAI NGUYEN UNIVERSITY OF AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY THAI NGUYEN UNIVERSITY OF AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY THAI NGUYEN UNIVERSITY OF AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY
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1/6/2021 5:23:36 PM - View: 13

Drivers, Barriers and Success Factors in Climate Change Adaptation for Smallholder Farmers: A Case Study in Thai Nguyen Province, Vietnam

Drivers, Barriers and Success Factors in Climate Change Adaptation for Smallholder Farmers: A Case Study in Thai Nguyen Province, Vietnam

TUAN M. HA*, TUYET TRUONG, HUONG HOANG and BAC HO. Thai Nguyen University of Agriculture and Forestry, Thai Nguyen city, Vietnam

Abstract and Figures

This paper aims to identify appropriate approaches and interventions of local governments and extension services through identifying the most potential adaptive measures in agricultural production of local farmers in Thai Nguyen province (Vietnam) and analyses of key drivers, barriers and success factors for climate change adaptation (CCA).The study was conducted during October 2019 – April 2020 in Thai Nguyen and two selected communes with 92 smallholder farmers and relevant stakeholders from the provincial to commune levels using both quantitative and qualitative methods. Results showed a highly vulnerable situation of the local farmers under the context of climate change with 60.9% and 44.6% of the interviewed farmers stating reduced crop/livestock productivity and crop losses, and reduced arable production land and number of crop seasons/year respectively. Ten most potential livelihood models and production practices were identified. For example, animal husbandry (pigs, cattle) combined with biogas digester installation; intercropping between fruit crops and annual crops; use of drought and disease resistant maize varieties; changes of crop patterns and calendars; water saving production techniques, etc. Driver, barriers and success factors for CCA suggest guiding actions for the local government and extension services to plan adequate approaches and interventions for embracing and upscaling the CCA initiatives towards climate resilient farming communities. The guiding actions include: strengthening capacity of extension staff; providing update market information to farmers for their decisions of crops and livestock; disseminating new and locally appropriate CCA models and practices together with on-field demo-plots and farmer field schools; and building capacity for community organizations, production groups/cooperatives to promote community learning for wider adoption and thus sustainability of their farming systems in response to the changing environment.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12944/CWE.15.3.09    

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