The genome insights of Streptomyces lannensis T1317-0309 reveals actinomycin D production
Ram Hari Dahal 1 ● Tuan Manh Nguyen1,2 ● Ramesh Prasad Pandey3,4 ● Tokutaro Yamaguchi 3,4 ● Jae Kyung Sohng3,4 ● Jongsung Noh5 ● Seung-Woon Myung5 ● Jaisoo Kim1
The members of Streptomyces have been identified as a major source of antimicrobial agents with broad spectrum. This study is mainly focused on bioactivity-guided isolation and characterization of bioactive molecule from strain Streptomyces sp. T1317-0309 and its whole-genome sequence analysis for possible isolation of novel natural products. Strain Streptomyces sp. T1317-0309 showed 100% sequence similarity with strain Streptomyces lannensis TA4-8T consisting 10, 453,255 bp of genome with 5 scaffolds and 69.9 mol% G + C content. The genome analyses revealed a total of 17 putative biosynthetic gene clusters (BGCs) responsible for various secondary metabolites including actinomycin, bacteriocin, ectoine, melanin, terpene, siderophore, betalactone, NRPS, T2PKS, and T3PKS. The BGC and bioactivity-guided purification of ethyl acetate extract of strain T1317-0309 showed the great potency of antimicrobial activities against various gram-positive multi-drug resistant human pathogens including MRSA. The BGC-predicted bioactive secondary metabolite was identified by various NMR analyses and confirmed as actinomycin D. In addition, this study reveals the first genome study of Streptomyces lannensis as a novel source for actinomycin D.